Wars, disasters, economic strife and political instability have been persistent themes over the last three decades and they can affect people’s attitude towards investing.
In many cases they make an already tough decision to part with your money and invest even harder, leading some to not invest at all.
Behavioural scientists have a name for this: loss aversion. They estimate that the psychological pain of losing is about twice as powerful as the pleasure of gaining, hence why some people shy from the risks involved with investing.
Yet as Schroders’ research shows, staying out of the stock market over the last 30 years could have proven costly.
The eroding effects of inflation and historically low interest rates would have eaten away at the value of your money if you decided not to invest. While investing in the stock market carries greater risks [the possibility of your losing all the money you have invested] and volatility [the value of the money you have invested going up and down] it could have boosted your returns.
Of course choosing to invest depends on your personal circumstances and if you are unsure as to the suitability of any investment speak to an financial adviser
Schroders research found, after adjusting for the effects of inflation:
- £1,000 hidden “under the mattress” at the start of 1989 would now be worth £467 due to the effects of UK inflation – annual growth of -2.7%.
- £1,000 left alone in a UK savings account at the start of 1989 would now be worth £1,011 – annual growth of 0.03%.
- £1,000 invested in the FTSE All-Share index at the start of 1989, with all income reinvested, would now be worth £5,683 – annual growth of 11.2%.
These figures are not adjusted to include any account charges or investment fees.
Please remember that past performance is not a guide to future performance. Investing in one geographical region [UK equites] may result in large changes to the value to your investment, which may adversely impact the performance.
In some circumstances, up to £85,000 in a UK bank account is protected by the Financial Compensation Services Scheme.
A short history of stock market crashes since 2000
The last 30 years have included some of the biggest stock market crashes in history.
In 2001, the FTSE All-Share index fell by 13%. It was in the wake of the bursting of the “dotcom bubble” at the end of 1990s, when highly-rated technology stocks were sold off. But it also coincided with the devastating attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York in September. The period also saw a global economic slump, although the UK managed to avoid recession. The FTSE All Share index was down 22% in the year to the end of 2002.
The global financial crisis of 2008, which began with the gradual collapse of the housing market in the US the year before, led to the worst global recession since the 1930s. In the year to the end of 2008 the FTSE All-Share was down 30%, its worst annual performance since 1989.
The table below illustrates how your investment returns could have built up year by year between 1989 and 2017 and shows the damaging effect inflation can have on your wealth. It also shows global events that could have deterred investors in any of those given years.
Returns on £1,000 year by year since 1989
|Year||A reason not to invest?||UK stocks level – end of year (EoY)||UK stocks year-on-year % change||Average savings rate||Average inflation rate||Value of £1,000 invested in UK stocks (EoY)||Value of £1000 left in savings account (EoY)||Value of £1,000 stuffed under your mattress (EoY)|
|1989||Junk bond crisis||761||36.1%||12.0%||5.2%||£1,291||£1,068||£948|
|1991||India economic crisis||830||20.8%||10.6%||7.5%||£1,091||£1,033||£815|
|1992||UK pulls out of the ERM||1000||20.5%||8.2%||4.3%||£1,268||£1,042||£780|
|1993||Swedish banking crisis||1284||28.4%||5.7%||2.5%||£1,596||£1,036||£761|
|1996||Fed chairman questions stock market valuations||1747||16.7%||4.5%||2.5%||£2,037||£1,028||£708|
|1998||Russian financial crisis||2456||13.8%||6.3%||1.6%||£2,782||£1,057||£684|
|1999||Argentine economic crisis||3051||24.2%||4.7%||1.3%||£3,419||£1,044||£675|
|2001||Twin towers terrorist attack||2489||-13.3%||4.6%||1.2%||£2,726||£1,047||£662|
|2002||Stock market crash||1924||-22.7%||3.7%||1.3%||£2,074||£1,038||£653|
|2003||War in Iraq||2326||20.9%||3.7%||1.4%||£2,478||£1,038||£644|
|2004||Terrorist attack in Madrid||2624||12.8%||4.6%||1.3%||£2,763||£1,048||£636|
|2005||London bombings/Hurricane Katrina||3203||22.0%||4.9%||2.1%||£3,315||£1,045||£623|
|2007||Sub-prime mortgage crisis||3938||5.3%||5.6%||2.3%||£3,907||£1,051||£594|
|2008||Global financial crisis||2760||-29.9%||5.1%||3.6%||£2,597||£1,034||£573|
|2010||European sovereign debt crisis||4112||14.5%||2.8%||3.3%||£3,695||£1,016||£542|
|2011||Greek debt crisis – bailout||3970||-3.5%||2.8%||4.5%||£3,403||£1,005||£518|
|2012||US heads towards the fiscal cliff||4458||12.3%||2.8%||2.8%||£3,725||£1,023||£503|
|2013||Russia invades Ukraine||5386||20.8%||1.8%||2.6%||£4,404||£1,016||£490|
|2014||Brazilian economic crisis||5449||1.2%||1.5%||1.5%||£4,392||£1,025||£483|
|2015||China stock market crash||5502||1.0%||1.4%||0.0%||£4,433||£1,040||£483|
|2016||UK votes to leave the European Union||6424||16.8%||1.2%||0.7%||£5,147||£1,033||£479|
|2017||Rise of populist vote||7266||13.1%||1.0%||2.7%||£5,683||£1,011||£467|
Please remember that past performance is not a guide to future performance and may not be repeated.
Source: Schroders. Refinitiv data for the FTSE All Share total return index, which includes dividends. Inflation numbers supplied by the Bank of England. Savings data from Building Societies Association and http://www.swanlowpark.co.uk/savings-interest-data.
Nick Kirrage, a fund manager and author on the Value Perspective investment blog, has written often about the danger fear can play.
“People can lose touch with just how bad things have looked and been in the past,” he said. “That can lead to them taking – or failing to take – actions that can harm their personal wealth for decades to come.
“This data shows that investors who had instead opted to stay in cash would have seen their savings destroyed by inflation during a period when the stock market rallied. Quite frankly, there are many other periods of the last century which offer the same conclusion. Even the Second World War offered decent stock market returns in the US and UK.
“The reality is that there is no ‘perfect’ time to put money into the stock market. If you are holding out for one, you are going to remain in cash forever and, over the longer term, you are likely to be materially worse off as a result.”
A version of this article was previously published by Schroders on 10th January 2018
The opinions included above should not be relied upon and should not be construed as advice and/or a recommendation. Past performance cannot be relied upon as a guide to the future performance and the value of your money may fall when invested.